Varicose Veins – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Varicose veins are formed when the blood veins are swelled and enlarged due to blood deposition. The condition is also called as varicoses or varicosities. This normally happens the walls of veins are dilated and loosened.

Loose veins swell up accumulating blood cells inside them and appear as enlarged blue-to-violet colored marks on the skin. At first, it appears as a cosmetic issue which is deep inside the skin and fairly difficult to solve.

varicose veins

The condition is exceptionally normal, particularly in ladies. Around 25% of all grownups suffer from varicose veins. The condition most commonly occurs in veins on the lower legs, calves, and shoulders.

Causes of Varicose Veins

Varicosities do happen when veins aren’t functioning properly. Veins are internally designed with a one-way valve. This valve structure prevents the blood from flowing in the opposite direction.

If the valves attached to the walls of the vein, fail to perform, the blood flow gets interrupted. Blood cells, rather than flowing towards the heart start to accumulate in the veins. Hence, The veins at that point grow. Varicose veins frequently affect the legs. The veins on the legs are the most distant from your heart, and gravity makes it harder for the blood to stream upward.

Other potential causes for varicose veins include:

  • Menopause
  • Pregnancy
  • Age above 45
  • Standing or sitting for longer periods
  • Weight gain
  • A family history of varicose veins
  • Lack of Muscular exercises

Varicose Veins Primary Symptoms

The primary symptoms of varicosities affected veins are easily noticeable when examined with the naked eye. Upon observation, one can find a bulky swelled up vein which appears from red to purple in color beneath the skin. You may likewise feel mild pain, rigidity, and heaviness on or around the varicose veins.

Now and again, you can create swelling and staining. In serious cases, the veins can drain fundamentally, and ulcers can frame.

Preventing Varicose Veins

As a rule, specialists are preservationist while treating varicose veins. You’ll most likely be encouraged to roll out improvements to your way of life, rather than attempting more forceful medicines.

  • Way of life changes
  • The accompanying changes may help keep varicose veins from framing or winding up more awful:
  • Abstain from remaining for broadened time frames.
  • Get in shape or keep up a sound weight.
  • Exercise to enhance your dissemination.
  • Utilize pressure socks or leggings.

In the event that you as of now have varicose veins, you should find a way to avoid new varicose veins. You ought to likewise raise your legs at whatever point you’re resting or doing.

Diagnosis for Varicose Veins

Your specialist will probably inspect your legs and noticeable veins while you’re sitting or remaining to analyze varicose veins. They may get some information about any agony or manifestations you’re having.

Your specialist may likewise need to do an ultrasound to check your blood stream. This is a noninvasive test that utilizations high-recurrence sound waves. It enables your specialist to perceive how blood is streaming in your veins.

Contingent upon the area, a venogram might be done to additionally evaluate your veins. Amid this test, your specialist infuses an uncommon color into your legs and takes X-beams of the region. The color shows up on the X-beams, giving your specialist a superior perspective of how your blood is streaming.

Tests, for example, ultrasounds or venograms help guarantee that another confusion like a blood coagulation or a blockage isn’t causing the torment and swelling in your legs.

Treatment for Varicose Veins


Your specialist may encourage you to wear uncommon pressure socks or leggings. These place enough weight on your legs with the goal that blood can stream all the more effortlessly to your heart. They likewise diminish swelling.

The level of pressure changes, however, most sorts of pressure tights are accessible in drugstores or medicinal supply stores.


In the event, that way of life changes aren’t working, or if your varicose veins are causing a great deal of torment or harming your general well-being, your specialist may attempt an intrusive system.

Vein ligation and stripping are a surgical treatment that requires anesthesia. Amid the system, your specialist makes cuts in your skin, cuts the varicose vein, and evaluates it through the entry points. In spite of the fact that refreshed varieties of vein-stripping surgeries have been produced, they are less ordinarily performed in light of the fact that more up to date, less intrusive choices are accessible.

Other treatment choices

At present, a wide assortment of in significantly obtrusive treatment choices for varicose veins is accessible. These include:

  1. Sclerotherapy, utilizing a fluid or froth compound infusion to close off a bigger vein
  2. Micro-sclerotherapy, utilizing a fluid compound infusion to close off little veins
  3. Laser surgery, utilizing light vitality to close off a vein
  4. Endovenous removal treatment, utilizing warmth and radio-frequency waves to close off a vein
  5. Endoscopic vein surgery, utilizing a little lit degree embedded through a little cut to close off a vein

You ought to dependably converse with your specialist about your treatment alternatives and the dangers previously picking a strategy. The strategy suggested can rely upon your side effects, size, and area of the varicose vein.

Advice for individuals with varicose veins

Varicose veins ordinarily deteriorate after some time. This is genuine regardless of the possibility that you roll out the essential way of life improvements to control them and deal with your torment. While they might be unattractive, they ordinarily don’t cause any long haul therapeutic issues.

At times, varicose veins can prompt ulcers or bruises on your legs, blood clusters, or incessant irritation. On the off chance that you have a serious case, your veins could burst.

You should see your specialist on the off chance that you build up any of these indications. They may then recommend adopting a more forceful strategy, for example, surgery or different intercessions.