Osteoporosis Symptoms, Signs, Causes and Treatment

What is Osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis is a bone disease. It occurs when bone density decreases. It weakens the bones and also increases the risk of fractures. More common area of bone fractures that occur from osteoporosis includes hip, spine, wrist and ribs. It affects both females and males. Osteoporosis can occur in people of any age, but mostly it is common in old age and in women after menopause. Causes of osteoporosis are excessive cigarette smoking, age, reduced sex hormones, physical inactivity, genetic factors, bone structure, eating disorder, menopause, poor nutrition, etc.

osteoporosis causes, symptoms and treatment

Usually, osteoporosis shows no symptoms until bone fractures. Few symptoms include neck pain, receding, gums, backache, change in posture, weakened grip strength, etc. Some preventive tips are very helpful in case of osteoporosis such as healthy lifestyle, include more calcium and vitamin D in your diet, quit smoking, avoid caffeine, regular exercise, limit alcohol intake, etc. Home remedies include coconut oil, pineapple, sesame seeds, almond milk, green tea, apple, etc. All these home remedies are very effective in treating and preventing osteoporosis.

In few cases of osteoporosis, no proper treatment can worsen the situation. As bones get weaker and thinner, their chance of fracture increases.

Treatments options are also available if preventive tips and home remedies don’t work. Medications include biphosphate, testosterone, an estrogen agonist, calcitonin, teriparatide, etc.

  1. Symptoms
  2. Causes
  3. Prevention
  4. Home Remedies
  5. Treatment Options
  6. Reference

Symptoms of Osteoporosis

  • Backaches
  • Weakened grip strength
  • Receding Gums
  • Fractures of hip, spine or wrist
  • Weak and brittle nails
  • Neck pain
  • Change in posture

symptoms of osteoporosis

What Causes Osteoporosis?

  • Age
  • Reduced sex hormones
  • Physical inactivity
  • Eating disorder
  • Low body weight
  • Cigarette Smoking
  • Excessive alcohol consumption
  • Poor nutrition
  • Diet low in calcium and vitamin D
  • Menopause
  • Bone structure
  • Genetic factors
  • Fracture history
  • Certain health conditions
  • Certain medications

Prevention of Osteoporosis

  • Healthy lifestyle
  • Healthy and balanced diet
  • Quit smoking
  • Limit alcohol intake
  • Avoid caffeine
  • Exercise regularly
  • Get plenty of vitamin D and calcium
  • Include more dairy products (milk, yogurt, cheese) in your diet

Home Remedies for Osteoporosis

1. Pineapple

Pineapple is very effective in treating and preventing osteoporosis. It is rich in manganese, as deficiency of manganese can lead to bone loss and bone malformation.

  • Eat 1 cup of pineapple pieces daily. It will provide you with 75% of the daily dose of manganese.
  • Another option is to drink 1 cup of pineapples juice daily.

2. Coriander

Coriander contains minerals which are very helpful in maintaining bone health. Both the seeds and leaves of coriander are rich in calcium, iron, potassium, and manganese.

  • Add 2 tsp of coriander seeds to a cup of boiling water. Let it simmer for 10 minutes, strain it and drink it twice daily for few days. You can also add honey to it.
  • Coriander can also be used in cooking.

3. Coconut Oil

Coconut oil is rich in antioxidants which helps to prevent bone loss in case of hormonal changes and also maintains the structure of bone. It is also known to reverse the effect of estrogen deficiency, which is one of the major causes of loss of bone density.

  • Consume 3 tsp of virgin coconut oil daily to prevent osteoporosis.
  • It can also be used for cooking.

4. Almond Milk

Almond Milk is a very effective remedy for osteoporosis. It contains calcium, potassium, manganese, and magnesium, all of which are essential for strong and healthy bones. Almond milk contains flavonoids which are helpful in reducing the number of free radicals in the body, which in turn helps to protect the body against osteoporosis.

  • Soak 10-12 almonds in water overnight. In the morning, first, peel them and then blend them in 1 cup of warm milk. Add a pinch of cardamom powder, ginger powder, and saffron in it. Drink it twice daily.
  • Another option is to soak 1 cup of almonds in water overnight. In the morning peel them and blend them with 2 cups of water. Add a little honey and cinnamon powder in it. Strain it and drink it daily.

5. Apple

Apples are rich in antioxidants, flavonoids, and polyphenols, which are very helpful in preventing osteoporosis. Phloridzin is a flavonoid which is present in apple, it helps to protect postmenopausal women from osteoporosis and also improves inflammation and increases bone density. Apples are also rich in boron (a mineral which helps the body to hold onto calcium), which is building blocks of bones and muscles. Eat 1-2 apples daily with their skin to enjoy its benefits. Try to opt for organic apples.

Treatment of Osteoporosis

Treatment of osteoporosis focuses on preventing bone fractures, increasing bone density, slowing the mineral loss, etc. Few preventive tips are very helpful in osteoporosis such as regular exercise, healthy/balanced diet, quit smoking, avoid alcohol, etc.

Few medications used for the treatment of osteoporosis include:

Biphosphates: These are the most common drug used in the treatment of osteoporosis. It is used to prevent loss of bone mass. It includes ibandronate (Boniva), zoledronic acid (Reclast), alendronate (Fosamax), risedronate (Actonel), etidronate (Didronel) and others.

Estrogen agonists: It is also known as selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs). It is usually used during and after menopause. Furthermore, it helps to reduce bone density loss. It also preserves bone mass and inhibits bone breakdown. It includes raloxifene (Evista).

Calcitonin (Miacalcin, Calcimar): Calcitonin is a hormone which is extracted from salmon. It helps to increase bone density and decreases bone loss. It also helps to manage the pain in case of any fracture occurs.

Teriparatide (Forteo): It contains part of parathyroid hormone. It increases bone density and promotes new bone formation. It is usually used for the people with high risk of fracture.

Few other treatment medications options include Denosumab (Prolia or Xgeva), Testosterone, etc.

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