Hemoglobin is a protein found in our red blood cells. Hemoglobin has a rich iron content in it. This protein is responsible for transporting oxygen to each cell and tissue of our body. This oxygen carrier pigment formed in bone marrow. Our blood appears Red because of Hemoglobin only. What happens when the hemoglobin level is decreased? How to increase hemoglobin levels? Read on to understand more…
Why do We need to Increase Hemoglobin Levels?
Its main function is to transfer oxygen from lungs to tissues and carbon dioxide from the tissue back in the lungs. In this process, the iron portion of hemoglobin is attached to the oxygen of the lungs and forms a temporary oxy-hemoglobin particle.
On reaching the tissues, where the oxygen concentration is low and carbon dioxide is increased, oxy-hemoglobin breaks and releases oxygen. Then it binds with the carbon dioxide and takes it out to the lungs with circulating blood. The carbon dioxide then exits the lungs in the exhalation. This exchange of oxygen with the blood keeps us alive and functioning.
Oxygen is fuel for the body. We will not be able to absorb energy from the food we eat without oxygen in the system, and we all know what happens if we can’t breathe for a while. It’s the hemoglobin in our blood that carries oxygen from the air we breathe to each organ in the body.
What happens when Hemoglobin is low?
Reduced level of hemoglobin can impair the blood’s capacity to carry oxygen and other nutrients. A reduced supply of oxygen to the brain and other vital organs can be fatal and cause many health altercations. The symptoms of decreased hemoglobin levels begin with feeling tired, dizzy and having low energy. Pale color of skin is also an indicator of low hemoglobin levels. Kidney dysfunction, lack of blood, lack of nutrition, blood marrow problems, tumors, etc. can be caused by low hemoglobin. The condition can become serious if the person suffers blood loss due to an injury.
How to Increase Hemoglobin Levels?
We can overcome Hemoglobin deficiency easily with a healthy diet. The food contains many nutrients that develop the body, keep it healthy and give strength. We should include fruits and vegetables that promote hemoglobin in our diet. To increase hemoglobin, eating vegetables, fruits, pulses and regular exercise is necessary. Here are some foods which are really effective in increasing the levels of Hemoglobin:
Spinach contains plenty of iron and vitamin B12. In addition, spinach is also a high source of folic acid. Eating spinach is the best way to increase hemoglobin levels. Include spinach in your daily diet. Make spinach soup to enjoy the health benefits it provides you.
Pomegranate is very effective in increasing the hemoglobin levels fast. It contains high amounts of protein and carbohydrate. It also contains iron and calcium. Eat empty stomach pomegranates in the morning for the treatment of anemia and drink pomegranate juice daily. It improves blood circulation by increasing the amount of hemoglobin in the blood rapidly.
As you can get more iron for the body from Spinach and pomegranates, it also important that your body absorbs the elemental Iron. Tomatoes play an important role in this. Rich in vitamin c, tomatoes increase the bodies acceptability to iron. Eat two or two raw tomatoes daily. Drink a glass of tomato juice and drink plenty of tomatoes in the cooking and salad.
Dates are a rich source of iron as well. Just 100-gram dates contain 90 mg of iron. Soak 2 dates in a cup of milk (non-dairy) overnight. In the morning, eat the soaked dates on an empty stomach. Drink the milk as well. If you are allergic to milk and other dairy products, you can water instead. Soak dates in warm water for 2-3 hours and eat them after that. Drinking the soaking water is also beneficial for increasing hemoglobin levels.
Beetroot and Apple Juice
Apple contains a good amount of iron, while beetroot is a rich source of folic acid. A combination of Apple and beetroots is an awesome remedy to increase hemoglobin. For treatment mix one cup of beetroot juice and one cup of apple juice. Add a teaspoon and drink this twice a day.
Dried fruits like raisins, walnuts, almonds also help to increase iron levels faster.
Raisins are a good home remedy to fight anemia. Raisins contain a high amount of nutrients such as iron, protein, fiber, sodium. For treatment, soak 10 to 15 raisins in a cup of water for overnight. Next morning, mix some hone with the soaked raisins and eat the mix.
Honey is also a rich source of iron and vitamin B12. Eating honey regularly is beneficial for anemic patients. You can consume honey by mixing it in with fruit salads, sandwiches or mixed with non-dairy milk. Honey also has natural antibiotic properties.
Fully ripe Guava more nutritious than raw ones. Guavas contain a good amount of iron. They are a tasty remedy for the ladies with low hemoglobin.
Elements That Increase Hemoglobin
Iron is most important to fight hemoglobin deficiency. Our bodies contain 3 to 5 gm iron. Peanuts, fenugreek, dates, almonds, millet, sorghum, whole grains are good sources of iron. The food items made of wheat and mixed grain are also beneficial. Apart from this, dairy products also increase hemoglobin. Eating peanuts with Jaggery together brings benefits quickly.
Vitamin C is essential for the absorption of the iron element in the body. Without Vitamin C, all the iron content of food goes waste. Hence it is equally important of to consume vitamin-rich foods along with iron-rich foods. Orange, papaya, lemon, strawberries, lemon, and broccoli are some of the good sources. of Vitamin C.
Proteins support the Vitamin C in the absorption of iron from digested foods. As we said earlier, hemoglobin is also a protein. Include foods like chicken meat, fish, green peas and pulses to get required daily amount or proteins in your diet.
Exercise regularly. When we exercise, then your body automatically produces hemoglobin.
Foods That Inhibit Absorption of Iron
- Eggs are also a good source of protein. But in case of hemoglobin deficiency, eating eggs is not advised. It is due to the chemical called phosvitin protein found in it. Researchers show that this protein inhibits the absorption of iron in the body. This phenomenon is also known as the “Egg Factor”.
- Dairy products such as coffee, tea, cola, wine, beer, over-the-counter, antacids, calcium-rich foods, or calcium supplements reduce the body’s ability to absorb the iron. So, if your hemoglobin level is low then you should avoid consuming these food products.
Medication to Increase Hemoglobin
A patient can be given iron and other nutritional supplements in the form of medication. Also, if needed, a blood transfusion can also be done to maintain the hemoglobin levels. As said, prevention is better than cure. Why go through medicines and transfusion when you can increase hemoglobin levels with healthy food. If you want, you can take advice from a dietitian and get diet chart suitable for you.
Hemoglobin is very important for the body, its deficiency reduces the ability to carry oxygen in the body. Due to which the number of red blood cells decreases in the body and anemia occurs. Most of the kidney problems are due to hemoglobin deficiency.
Low levels of hemoglobin can also be caused by vitamin C deficiency because the body does not absorb iron in the right amount due to vitamin C deficiency. Therefore, with the food containing vitamin C, the hemoglobin level can be corrected.