Hypothyroidism – Symptoms, Causes and Fast Treatment

Overview of Hypothyroidism

The thyroid gland is the master gland which releases thyroid hormone that controls the metabolism and growth of different parts of the body. When the thyroid gland fails to produce the sufficient amount of thyroid hormones, it is known as Hypothyroidism.

Hypothyroidism is diagnosed with the help of blood test, which measures the amount of thyroid hormone in the blood. Also, High TSH level in blood indicates you have hypothyroidism.


Pregnant women or planning to become pregnant should always be tested for hypothyroidism. There are many disorders that result in hypothyroidism such as pituitary disease, iodine deficiency, autoimmune disorders, thyroid removal and prescription medications. Hypothyroidism can cause a variety of symptoms such as constipation, hair loss, weight gain, high cholesterol level, dry skin, decreased libido, etc. The treatment of hypothyroidism is usually lifelong, except in case of certain conditions.

  1. Symptoms
  2. Causes
  3. Prevention
  4. Home Remedies
  5. Treatment Options
  6. Bottomline
  7. Patients Queries
  8. Reference


Hypothyroidism is a very common condition. The symptoms of hypothyroidism vary, depending on the deficiency of thyroid hormone. Hypothyroidism should be treated timely and properly otherwise its symptoms can become more severe. Some common symptoms may include:


  • Weight gain
  • Depression
  • Increased sensitivity to cold
  • Increased cholesterol level
  • Muscle weakness
  • Trouble concentrating
  • Constipation
  • Itchy and dry skin
  • Fatigue
  • Muscle pain, tenderness & stiffness
  • Impaired memory
  • Hair loss
  • Heavy or irregular menstrual period
  • Decreased libido
  • Slow heart rate


Hypothyroidism is very common in women as compared to men. Its chances increase with age. It is very common condition and in an estimate of 3-5% population suffer from hypothyroidism. A family history of thyroid disease or any women older than 60 years of age is at increased risk of developing hypothyroidism. Causes of hypothyroidism include radiation therapy, autoimmune disease, pregnancy, pituitary disorder and others. Common causes of hypothyroidism in adults are as follows:


  • Autoimmune disorder
  • Iodine deficiency
  • Pituitary disorder
  • Radiation therapy
  • Pregnancy
  • Thyroid surgery
  • Hashimoto’s thyroiditis
  • Treatment of hyperthyroidism
  • Congenital disease
  • Certain medications


1. Selenium: 

Selenium is a thyroid super nutrient and inexpensive supplement which may help to prevent certain forms of thyroid disease. It plays a part in thyroid hormone metabolism and also in the reduction of thyroid antibodies. Foods containing selenium are tuna, grass-fed beef, turkey and Brazil nuts. In some cases, it is helpful to help balance thyroxine or T4. Always talk to your doctor regarding how much selenium is right for you since every person is different.

2. Stop smoking:

Tobacco smoke affects the functioning of the thyroid and its gland. One of the components present is cyanide when smoked it converts into an anti-thyroid agent called thiocyanate. Thiocyanate can also trigger thyroid disease in susceptible people. If a person has hypothyroidism (low thyroid function), smoking will only complicate its symptoms and may reverse the gains afforded by treatment.

3. Gluten-free diet:

Sometimes people with thyroid disease also have celiac disease, which causes intestines to react abnormally to gluten. Many people suffering from Hashimoto’s thyroiditis or hypothyroidism, always feel better after cutting wheat, oats, barley and other gluten-containing foods from the diet. Celiac disease is also known as gluten intolerance, which makes difficult for the body to properly absorb nutrients from foods. Researchers have found that in few cases the thyroid antibodies will disappear after 3 to 6 months of a gluten-free diet. It needs to be properly diagnosed and treated because few cases of autoimmune hypothyroidism can be prevented by doing this.

4. Sugar-free diet:

Sugar and processed foods can make thyroid disease and its symptoms much worse, which also lead to increased inflammation of the body. One should maintain normal blood sugar level as it will help in healthy thyroid functioning. High blood sugar level will increase thyroid gland destruction for people with an autoimmune thyroid condition. It causes inflammation and the best way to reduce inflammation is to adopt sugar-free diet. However, It is not easy to start a sugar-free diet, but its benefit for your thyroid health may be worth it.

Knowing about the prevention of thyroid disease is an important part to protect your health and the health of your family members. These suggestions will help to reduce your risk. For more information, one should consult the doctor and stay updated with information on thyroid disorder.

Home Remedies

Vitamin B:

While suffering from hypothyroidism, B vitamins are very important to include in the diet for healthy thyroid function. All B vitamins such as B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B7, B9, and B12 are very helpful to reduce the symptoms of hypothyroidism. Vitamin B 12 level in the body is affected by low thyroid hormones. Taking certain vitamin supplements can also help to have a positive impact and also repairs the damage caused by hypothyroidism. According to research, people suffering from hypothyroidism usually suffer from vitamin B 12 deficiency. Always include whole grains and fresh vegetables in your regular diet. Foods containing vitamin B to include in your diet are peas, cheese, milk, eggs, asparagus, tuna, sesame seeds.



Ginger has many nutrients that help in the functioning of the body. It contains magnesium, zinc, potassium, vitamin B-6 which protects against inflammation-related thyroid disorder and can help improve thyroid functioning. Ginger can be used in many ways in the diet. It can be added to soups and other dishes. It is also used in tea, in case of herbal tea add some ginger to a cup of boiling water, let it boil and then add some honey. Compounds present in ginger have a positive effect on thyroid functioning.

Coconut Oil:

Coconut oil is high in saturated (healthy) fat and contains medium-chain fatty acid & lauric acid that helps in the improvement of the functioning of the thyroid. Its fat balance is very nourishing for the thyroid. It stimulates metabolism and boosts energy. It helps to raise the basal body temperature that is important for any person dealing with low thyroid function. You can use Coconut oil in many ways in the diet. You can also add to coconut milk in various foods you make. Also, you can drink it daily in the morning with breakfast for better results.

Treatment Options

Hypothyroidism is a condition which can be easily treated with the help of thyroid hormone medicine. The most effective and standard treatment of is the use of synthetic thyroid hormone levothyroxine (Levothroid, Synthroid, etc.).

Levothyroxine is the most effective in treating hypothyroidism. You can take 1 tablet once daily in the morning (preferably). This medicine is a pure synthetic form of T4 that the human thyroid gland normally secretes. It comes in multiple strengths, but an appropriate dosage is required for each patient. Consult a doctor regarding the dose of the medicine for your needs.

This medicine will help to restore hormone levels, it also reverses the signs and symptoms of hypothyroidism. After starting the treatment, you should visit the doctor regularly and make sure you are having the right dose of medicine. In most of the cases, few weeks after the treatment, all the symptoms usually disappear.

Furthermore, This medicine also works to lower the cholesterol level and decrease any weight gain, if increased because of an underactive thyroid. Treatment is usually lifelong, but one should visit a doctor regularly for the dosage you may need to change. Remember, Consult your doctor and keep checking your TSH level every year.


Hypothyroidism is not a critical condition, and it can be treated with simple lifestyle and diet changes. However, if needed, a doctor may prescribe you take Levothyroxine and other medicine for a faster recovery.

Patients Queries

What is the Best treatment for Hypothyroidism?
Generally, The best approach for the treatment is to follow your doctor’s advice. Take the prescribed medicines on time. Complete the full course of medicines. Also, you can take home remedies as well.

What are the symptoms of Hypothyroidism?
Since it is a hormonal condition, symptoms may differ from person to person. The best way to diagnose the disease is to go for a blood checkup.

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