Learn How to Get Rid of Pimples
In order to learn ‘How to get rid of Pimples’, first you should know what a pimple really is?
Pimples, also known as acne is a common condition in which sebaceous glands (oil glands) of the skin get infected with bacteria, swell up and fill with pus. When there is any kind of abnormality occurs in sebaceous glands, pimples develop. Pimples should be treated immediately and prevent it from spreading. If left untreated they can also leave a scar on the skin, then it will be very difficult to remove it.
Most often pimples occur on face, neck, shoulder, and back. Pimples can affect people at any age and occur because of various reasons. Few causes of pimples include hormone imbalance, teenage pimples, heredity, stress, certain medications, bacterial growth and other factors.
- Blackheads (open comedo)
- Whiteheads (closed comedo, small pimple)
- Cysts (filled with pus or fluids, usually painful)
- Nodules (same as papules, but larger in size)
- Papules (raised lesions)
- Pustules (raised lesions with pus)
Pimples can affect people at any age and occur because of so many reasons. Few causes include:
- Hormone imbalance
- Hair follicles clogged with oil and dead skin cells
- Excess oil production
- Certain medications
- Teenage pimples
- Oily food
- Dairy products
- Certain skincare products
- Friction or pressure on your skin
- Bacterial growth
- Before choosing any skin care product for your skin, know your skin type.
- Keep your skin hydrated with the help of moisturizers.
- Stay hydrated because dehydration promotes inflammation and redness.
- Limit makeup as overuse of makeup may clog pores and trigger outbreak
- Limit your exposure to sun, as it will dehydrate your skin, produce more oil and block pores.
- Wash your face properly and keep it clean, as it is important to remove excess dirt, oil, etc from the skin
- Reduce stress with the help of few techniques such as meditation, yoga, etc.
- Avoid certain food and beverages that can trigger pimples such as chips, soft drinks, etc.
- Regularly wash your hair with shampoo if you have oily hairs.
- In case of severe pimples, contact your doctor.
Garlic has antioxidant, antibacterial, antiviral, antiseptic and anti-inflammatory properties. It kills the bacteria causing pimples and also reduces redness, irritation, and pain. It improves blood circulation and helps in the fast treatment of pimples. Crush 2-3 garlic cloves, mix water/ yogurt in it and make a paste. Rub it over a pimple and leave it for about 10-15 minutes. Wash it off with lukewarm water. Repeat it daily for few days. Eating garlic daily helps to purify the blood and it also helps to strengthen the immune system.
If you have spots that have redness, swelling, and inflammation; put some ice on it. Ice provides very soothing and fast relief from pimples. Take an ice cube and wrap it up in a piece of cloth. Hold it against your pimple and leave it for few minutes and repeat the process. But remember don’t leave it for too long. Ice helps to improve blood circulation near the affected area. It will also help to clean the pores and all the dirt will be pushed out.
Honey is a natural antibiotic that kills the bacteria causing pimples. Its anti-inflammatory properties help to prevent redness and swelling of a pimple. Honey preserves moisture in your skin and keeps it healthy. Take few drops of honey, dip it in cotton and apply it directly to affected area. Leave it for few minutes and wash it off with normal water. For better results do this twice or thrice daily for few days. You can also add a pinch of cinnamon with honey; it will help to reduce inflammation and swelling.
Lemon has antibacterial properties which kill the bacteria causing pimples and great for clearing the skin. It helps to reduce redness, swelling, and inflammation. Citric acid present in lemon acts as antiseptic and kills bacteria. Before going to bed just apply lemon juice directly to the affected area and leave it overnight. Rinse your face in the morning with normal water. Another way is to add a pinch of cinnamon to lemon juice. Apply this mixture to a pimple and leave it overnight. Wash your face in the morning with lukewarm water and see the difference.
Papaya is a rich source of antioxidant. It has antifungal, antibacterial and antiviral properties which help in the treatment of pimples. Vitamins present in papaya will strengthen your immune system and it also decreases excess oil production. Papaya helps to keep the skin smooth and soft. Mash raw papaya pieces and apply it directly over pimples, leave it for few minutes and rinse it off. Another way is to add 1 tsp of honey and ½ tsp of lemon juice to mashed papaya. Apply this face mask over affected area, leave it for few minutes and rinse it off.
Treatment of acne depends upon many factors such as age, skin type, type of acne, the severity of pimples, etc. Sometimes it may take weeks, months or even years for your pimple to clear up.
Retinoids: Retinoid creams are made from Vitamin A and include tazarotene (Tazorac), tretinoin (Avita, Retin-A, etc) and adapalene (Differin). They unplug the follicles and allows the medicine to work better.
Antibiotics: This medicine helps to reduce inflammation and redness of the skin. It works by killing excess skin bacteria. Antibiotics are often recommended with benzoyl peroxide. It includes erythromycin with benzoyl peroxide (Benzamycin) and clindamycin with benzoyl peroxide (Benzaclin, Duac, Acanya).
Azelaic acid: It has antibacterial properties and usually prescribed in combination with erythromycin for best results. Azelaic acid includes Azelex and Finacea in it.
Few other topical medications are salicylic acid, dapsone, benzoyl peroxide, etc are prescribed to block the growth of bacteria and reduce swelling and inflammation.
Antibiotics: Antibiotics are often prescribed to reduce bacteria, inflammation, and swelling of the skin. Oral antibiotics are usually best to use with benzoyl peroxide as well as topical retinoids.
Isotretinoin: This medicine is very effective and used in case of severe pimples. It reduces clogged hair follicles, amount of oil made by glands on the skin and inflammation. Isotretinoin includes Sotret, Claravis, and Amnesteem in it.
Anti-androgen agents: It has a working mechanism of blocking the effect of androgen hormones on sebaceous glands. It is usually used for women and adolescent girls. It even has few side effects such as irregular and painful periods, breast tenderness, etc.
Consult your doctor if:
- Over-the-counter medications don’t work
- A pimple persist longer or is severe
- Home remedies don’t clear a pimple
- You ever notice any acne scar
- Appeared because of certain medication