High Blood Pressure (Hypertension) – How to Keep it Under Control?

Overview of High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)

High blood pressure is also known as hypertension. It is a high pressure against the wall of arteries that carries blood from heart to the body. High blood pressure is a common condition which develops over many years and affects most of the population. If any person has high blood pressure than it is an indication that walls of the arteries are receiving too much pressure constantly.

high blood pressure

Its symptoms include chest pain, irregular heartbeat, dizziness, palpitation, severe headache, etc. Blood pressure should be treated properly if left untreated it increases the risk of serious health conditions such as heart disease, kidney disease, stroke and others. If you have high blood pressure, monitor it regularly and get routine health checkups done.

  1. Symptoms
  2. Causes
  3. Prevention
  4. Home Remedies
  5. Treatment Options
  6. Bottomline
  7. Patients Queries
  8. Reference

Symptoms

High blood pressure is known as the silent killer because in most of the cases people don’t experience any symptoms of high blood pressure. Nearly one-third of populations don’t even know it that they have high blood pressure. If you have high blood pressure for very long time and left untreated it may lead to certain complications such as kidney disease, heart disease, eye problems and stroke. Extremely high blood pressure may show few symptoms which include:

hypertension

  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Severe headaches
  • Chest pain
  • Vision problem (blurred/double vision)
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Blood in urine
  • Nausea/vomiting
  • Dizziness
  • Palpitations
  • Fatigue/confusion

Regular checkups and treatment help to control symptoms of hypertension. If you have any of the following symptoms contact your doctor immediately.

Causes

The exact cause of high blood pressure is unknown, but there are several factors that may lead to high blood pressure:

  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Family history of high blood pressure
  • Old age
  • Smoking
  • Being overweight/obese
  • Thyroid disorder
  • Adrenal gland tumors
  • Chronic Kidney problem
  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • High salt intake
  • Lack of physical activity
  • Stress
  • Genetics
  • Too much consumption of alcohol
  • Diabetes
  • Pregnancy
  • Certain medications

Prevention

Lifestyle changes:

  • Quit smoking
  • If you are overweight/obese, try to lose weight.
  • Exercise regularly
  • Reduce salt intake
  • Reduce alcohol consumption
  • Eat nutritious and low-fat diet

  • If you are overweight/obese, try to lose weight. Always maintain a healthy weight.
  • Get enough sleep
  • Exercise regularly
  • Quit smoking
  • Reduce salt intake
  • Use relaxation methods such as yoga, meditation and other types of physical activity
  • Reduce stress
  • Reduce alcohol consumption
  • Monitor your blood pressure regularly
  • Eat nutritious and low-fat diet
  • Try to manage cholesterol level
  • Get routine health checkups done
  • Foods rich in calcium, magnesium, and potassium should be included in your diet

Home remedies such as flaxseeds, garlic, fish oils, ginger, etc help to lower the blood pressure.

Home Remedies

Garlic:

Garlic has a wide range of positive effects in the body such as it controls high blood pressure, maintains cholesterol level, has blood thinning properties, etc. It is very great for improving overall cardiac health. Garlic helps to force out excess sodium and water through urine which reduces pressure on the overworked heart and decreases blood pressure.

  • For best results eat 1-2 crushed garlic cloves daily.
  • You can also hold 1 garlic clove in your mouth and try sucking its juice for few minutes, not necessary to swallow the garlic clove if you cannot handle eating it raw.
  • Another method is to add 1-2 finely minced garlic cloves to a cup of water and drink it

Coconut Water

Coconut water is a great natural remedy for high blood pressure. It is a rich source of potassium and also has useful amounts of calcium, magnesium and other nutrients. Potassium helps to flush excess sodium from the body through urine which helps to lower the blood pressure naturally. For better results, drink 300 ml of coconut water twice or thrice daily which helps to lower the blood pressure.

Ginger

Ginger has been used for centuries because of its numerous health benefits. It is great for preventing heart conditions such as decreases bad cholesterol, acts as a blood thinner (prevents blood clot) and lowers blood pressure.

  • Put a piece of ginger root to a cup of boiling water; let it boil for few minutes then add half tsp of cardamom powder and cinnamon in it. Strain it and drink this tea daily.
  • You can also add fresh ginger to your juices or smoothies.

Treatment Options

Treatment of high blood pressure depends upon various factors that caused blood pressure. Treating high blood pressure requires lifestyle change but sometimes lifestyle changes aren’t enough. Sometimes proper drug therapy is required for the treatment.

Medications: Some of the medications used for the treatment of high blood pressure includes:

  • Beta-blockers: Beta-blocker helps to reduce the workload on the heart which causes your heart to beat slower and with less force. Few beta blockers include acebutolol (Sectral), metoprolol (Lopressor), atenolol (Tenormin), carvedilol (Coreg) and others.
  • Calcium channel blockers (CCBs): Calcium channel blocker agents reduce calcium and then the force of the heartbeat will also reduce. It helps to relax arteries and blood vessels, which decreases blood pressure. It includes amlodipine (Norvasc), diltiazem (Cardizem), nicardipine (Cardene), felodipine (Plendil), nifedipine (Procardia) and others.
  • Diuretics: Diuretics are also known as water pills which helps kidney to remove excess sodium from the body. Diuretics are often used in combination with other medications to treat high blood pressure. Thiazide diuretics include hydrochlorothiazide (Microzide), indapamide (Lozol), chlorothiazide (Diuril) and others. Loop diuretics include torsemide (Demadex), furosemide (Lasix) and others. Few other diuretics include amiloride (Midamor), bumetanide (Bumex), etc.
  • Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors: It relaxes blood vessels which improves the amount of blood heart pumps; which reduces blood pressure. It blocks the action of angiotensin II (a hormone that regulates blood pressure). It includes Capoten (captopril), Lotensin (benazepril), Monopril (fosinopril), Zestril (lisinopril) and others.
  • Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs): It is the type of blood pressure medicine with the same effect as of ACE inhibitors but has a different working mechanism. It relaxes blood vessels which allow blood to flow more easily and it reduces blood pressure. It includes Avapro (irbesartan), Cozaar (losartan), Atacand (candesartan), Benicar (olmesartan) and others.

Bottomline

Although High blood pressure is a problem that generally comes with aging and weight gain, anyone can be a victim. The problem worsens as most of the time the condition goes undiagnosed, and many people aren’t aware of hypertension. We suggest as you notice the symptoms – get yourself checked immediately. Follow the medication and lifestyle changes as advised by your doctor.

Patients Queries

How Is Hypertension diagnosed?
If you seem to notice symptoms of hypertension, get yourself checked by a doctor. The doctor will check your blood pressure, medical history and if needed, he may also perform an electrocardiogram to confirm his suspicions.

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