Acne (Pimples) is probably the most common skin problem around the world. Many people are troubled by the problem of acne. They are searching for perfect acne treatment. People with oily skin are more prone to acne. But there are many people who have problems with pimples, despite their skin not being oily. Commonly people get acne at the adolescence, but many times even after crossing that age the problem of acne (pimples) remains intact.
Acne is a type of inflammation occurring in the skin, which occurs when skin oil glands become infected with bacteria called Propionibacterium acnes. These glands also can develop to become painful and filled with puss. It is not a contagious disease but embarrasses young boys and girls. Acne can spread from face to neck, behind the neck and on the back. Acne on the back is commonly known as “Backne”. Pimples and scars on the facial skin can damage one’s confidence.
Causes of Acne
- The excessive secretion of oil from the oil glands clogged the skin pores causing acne. Also, tiny small flakes of dead skin also get clogged in the pores.
- The Hormonal changes in the body at the time of puberty stimulates Sebaceous glands. Sebaceous glands start to produce more oil and sebum. Bacteria thrive on the sebum and helps on growing pimples.
- Some dairy products contain high amounts of calcium and sugar. This can also cause acne problem in some people.
- Makeup and cosmetic products have filled some chemicals. Such chemicals can trigger acne and pimples as well.
- Medicines which have estrogen also disturb the normal hormone levels in the body and cause acne.
Acne Treatment with Home Remedies
Though many types of face washes and creams are available in the market which claims to cure acne. But why do we need to go out when everything is in the house itself? Here are some simple home remedies for acne treatment:
Acne Treatment with Ice
Take an ice cube and rub it on your skin and acne affected area. Massage your skin with the ice cube for 5 to 10 minutes. Massaging skin with ice improves blood circulation. If you feel the touch of ice very cold, wrap the ice cube in a thin and clean cotton cloth and then massage. The cold ice cubes help in closing up large open skin pores and prevents infection. Ice massage also reduces the inflammation caused by acne.
Acne Treatment with Honey
Honey has natural antibacterial and moisturizing properties. Applying honey on the pimples show an immediate effect in reducing inflammation. Dip a cotton ball in honey and apply it on the pimples. Keep a pimple soaked in honey for 20 minutes, then rinse it off with lukewarm water. Honey works as a cleanser and cleans the skin pores deeply. Honey not only kills the acne causing bacteria but also keeps the skin moisturized and prevent it from scarring. People who like to stay healthy and fit, always keep honey in the kitchen as an alternative to sugar.
Acne Treatment with Lemon
The juice of lemon has 2 main ingredients Vitamin C and Citric acid. When applied to the skin, lemon juice works as an astringent and wipes out the excess oil and bacteria. Squeeze the lemon juice into a clean bowl and dab a cotton ball in it. Rub the soaked cotton ball on the problem area of skin. Let the lemon juice sit on skin for 5 to 10 minutes, then rinse it off with cold water.
Caution with Lemon juice: Avoid using lemon juice if your skin is very sensitive, Lemon juice can cause mild burning and tingling sensation on the skin. Avoid contact with eyes.
Acne Treatment with Steaming
Treating the skin with steam is one of the best ways to remove dirt and debris from it. Steaming opens up the skin pores and makes it easy for dirt and sebum to come out skin. Steaming loosens the pimples, blackheads, and whiteheads and pops them out. Take a medium-large bowl and pour boiling hot water in it. Now move your face close to the bowl so the steam can come on the skin. Take steam for 5-8 minutes then wash your face with lukewarm water and apply an oil free moisturizer.
Regular adoption of these home remedies for getting rid of acne and pimples is simple, safe and effective.
Medication for Acne Treatment
If your acne breakout seems to go out your control and become severe, you should visit a Dermatologist. A Dermatologist, upon inspection, may prescribe you skin cleansers, Oral or topical antibiotics, anti-inflammatory drugs, bleaching agents or hormone supplements depending on your condition. in some cases a doctor may prescribe the use of topical steroid to cure the scars and dark spots caused by acne. Some of the commonly prescribed and over the counter medications available for acne treatment are listed below:
Skin Cleansers: Cleansers such as Cetaphil can penetrate deep through the skin and clean the dirty skin pores. Most skin cleansers used for acne treatment contain cetyl alcohol and propylene glycol as active ingredients. These chemicals are capable of killing the bacteria while being gentle to the skin.
Antibiotics: As obvious, antibiotics are prescribed to control the infection and spread of bacteria. These antibiotics can be prescribed either to be taken orally or in a formulation that is gentle to use topically on the skin. To name some, Benzoyl Peroxide, Clindamycin, and Salicylic acid are prescribed commonly for acne treatment.
Bleaching agents: A dermatologist may prescribe herbal or chemical skin bleach to reduce the dark spots and scars caused due to acne. Many times, when the scars a too dark, the doctor can prescribe the topical use of corticosteroids like betamethasone.
Hormonal supplements: If the doctors find out that the acne is caused due to hormonal imbalance they can prescribe the patient to take hormone supplements. In many cases, doctors suggest female patients take Contraceptive pills to maintain the hormone levels and thus treat acne.
As there are so many factors, environmental, internal, hormonal, pollution etc. that can trigger an Acne outbreak; Acne is not 100% preventable. However, there are some important ways to prevent the spread of infection and control Acne.
- Do not touch your skin – Our hands are not always clean and hygienic. Touching your skin with dirty hands can spread infection and trigger a breakout.
- Do not over wash – Wash your skin only when you need to. Use a mild soap and lukewarm water to wash your face twice a day. Over washing your face can damage the pH level pf skin and also reduce the level of natural moisture from the skin.
- Avoid makeup – Makeup and cosmetic product often contain chemicals which can worsen your acne. If you wear makeup, clean your face thoroughly. Always remove makeup before going to sleep.
- Stop smoking and alcohol – Consumption of tobacco and alcohol affect your internal organs. This can stimulate the hormones and triggers an acne breakout.
- Avoid Sun Exposure – Wear a sunscreen while going out in sun. You also use caps or scarfs to cover your skin while going out. Covering your face also protects your skin from pollution.
- Reduce the use of Hair Oil – Using hair oils, gels or other oil based cosmetics can worsen the acne.
- Reduce eating spicy and greasy foods – Eat healthy green vegetables, fruits, and lean meat.
- Avoid caffeine, carbonated drinks.
- Avoid foods with high sugar.
- Maintain Hygiene – Always use a clean towel to pat dry your skin. Wash your pillow cases regularly to prevent bacteria growth.
Never squeeze to pop up the pimples. Popping up pimples can spread bacteria to the part skin which is clean and trigger ance. Squeezing the acne can cause darkening of the skin which later can become a dark spot. Squeezing can hollow the skin underneath a pimple which can later become a deep scar.